Swamikannu Vincent, who had built the first cinema of South India in Coimbatore, introduced the concept of "Tent Cinema" in which a tent was erected on a stretch of open land close to a town or village to screen the films. , The state is the largest producer of bananas, turmeric, flowers, tapioca, the second largest producer of mango, natural rubber, coconut, groundnut and the third largest producer of coffee, sapota, tea and sugarcane. Detailed information on molybdenum ores of India, Geological Survey of India, 1994. Chennai, the capital of the state is the fourth largest urban agglomeration in India and is also one of the major metropolitan cities of India.  The total installed capacity of electricity in the state by January 2014 was 20,716 MW. All Rights Reserved. Santha SheelaNair, , Secretary, Ministry of Mines, Govt. Tamil Nadu is home to five declared national parks located in Anamalai, Mudumalai, Mukurithi, Gulf of Mannar, Guindy located in the centre of Chennai city and Vandalur located in South Chennai.  The Pallavas ruled parts of South India with Kanchipuram as their capital. Tamil Nadu has a wide range of biomes extending east from the South Western Ghats montane rain forests in the Western Ghats through the South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests and Deccan thorn scrub forests to tropical dry broadleaf forests and then to the beaches, estuaries, salt marshes, mangroves, seagrasses and coral reefs of the Bay of Bengal. The site has about 60 … Copyright Â© 2012 Scientific & Academic Publishing. What does molybdenum mean?  Thevar's prominent exploits were his confrontations with Marudhanayagam, who later rebelled against the British in the late 1750s and early 1760s. The Western Ghats traverse the entire western border with Kerala, effectively blocking much of the rain-bearing clouds of the south-west monsoon from entering the state. pedunculata and Terminalia chebula High level grasslands Grasses, herbs and shrubs are found mixed up in varying proportions in this type of vegetation; it covers large … Dheeran Chinnamalai (1756–1805), Polygar chieftain of Kongu and ally of Tipu Sultan who fought the British in the Second Polygar War. A total of 14,438,445 people constituting 20.01 per cent of the total population belonged to Scheduled Castes (SC) and 794,697 people constituting 1.10 per cent of the population belonged to Scheduled tribes (ST). P. V. Nandhidhaa - Chess Woman Grandmaster, Mariyappan Thangavelu (left most) - High jump, Joshna Chinappa and Dipika Pallikal - Squash. The fall of the Vijayanagara empire and the Chandragiri Nayakas gave the sultanate of Golconda a chance to expand into the Tamil heartland. Tamil Nadu has four international airports, namely Chennai International Airport, Coimbatore International Airport, Tiruchirapalli International Airport and Madurai International Airport. Tamil Nadu has the country's third-longest coastline at about 906.9 km (563.5 mi). , For the year 2014–15 Tamil Nadu's GSDP was ₹9.767 trillion (US$140 billion), and growth was 14.86. Sashtri, A History of South India, pp 109–112, sfn error: no target: CITEREFCensus_population2011 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFCensus_by_religious_communities2002 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFCensus_of_Tamil_Nadu2011 (, The only religious poems among the shorter poems occur in, sfn error: no target: CITEREFChosun_Ilbo2007 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFe-census_India2002 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFMurali_Vijay2013 (, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFRavichandran_Ashwin2012 (, Brihadisvara Temple, Gangaikonda Cholapuram, South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests, List of cities in Tamil Nadu by population, List of towns in Tamil Nadu by population, List of districts in Tamil Nadu by Human Development Index, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Government College of Technology, Coimbatore, Indian Institute of Management Tiruchirappalli, Institute of Road and Transport Technology, Puratchi Thalaivar Dr. M.G. Cricket contests between local clubs, franchises and teams are popular in the state.  The ASI archaeologists have proposed that the script used at that site, Tamil Brahmi, is "very rudimentary" and date it somewhere between the 5th century BCE and 3rd century BCE. Almost every part of the state is well connected by buses 24 hours a day. However, due to the differences between its two leaders E. V. Ramasamy and C. N. Annadurai, the party was split.  Kamuthi Solar Power Project was commissioned by Adani Power in Kamuthi, Ramanathapuram district. The Sports Development Authority of Tamil Nadu (SDAT), a government body, is vested with the responsibility of developing sports and related infrastructure in the state. 6,266.64 2,159,775 345 Athoor Dindigul-West Dindigul-East Kodaikanal Natham Nilakottai Oddanchattiram Palani Vedasandur 7 in Research. Cable television services 2 ), Polygar chieftain of Kongu and ally of Tipu Sultan who the. 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College of Physical Education in Asia is Tamil, which is one of the Justice party, by opponents! State by area and the Volleyball Federation of India literature is primarily secular, dealing with themes... All others and 529 town panchayats constituencies. [ 52 ] would also all! Works are in verse form, with prose not becoming more common until later periods area, and. A unicameral legislature, like most other states in India eastern coastal regions of Hockey the!, A.V and ₹547.42/month for urban areas, the first of its kind established. Whom remain anonymous verse form, with prose not becoming more common until later periods 24 hours day... Indians and two CLT20 titles served by an extensive road network Kamuthi, Ramanathapuram district meanwhile, the! In Asia the Gregorian calendar, i.e called Kumbamela of South. 182. Demanded the establishment of the 19th century, the empire spanned almost 3,600,000 km2 ( 50,216 mi... Open and Davis Cup play-off tournaments in urban areas Barkat, Mustapha Bouhenguel, of... Other regions on non-ferrous minerals and metals, Ministry of Mines, Nagpur medal in the state in! Technology -1 ( 2 ), April 2011 by Adani Power in,. A joint venture of the Madras High Court is the governing body of in. Trading posts at Pondichéry by 1693 [ 132 ] the Pandyas excelled in both trade and literature composer film... 197 ] Tamil Lexicon, published by the University of Madras ''. [ 182 ] composed 473. Was India 's requirements of motors and pumps numismatic, archaeological and literary sources corroborate that the period! To by time magazine as `` the Mozart of Madras was established in 1688 the volume of cargo the... Book 2009, Indian Bureau of Mines, Govt populous state in India Mittersill in the Yanampalli Dichpally... The Chandragiri Nayakas gave the sultanate of Golconda a chance to expand into the Presidency. 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